Gambian leader Yahaya Jammeh is receptive to the advice by West African leaders that he should respect the election result and hand over power, President Muhammadu Buhari said, after a meeting of four Economic Commission of West African States (ECOWAS) leaders with Jammeh in The Gambian capital Banjul.
The leaders were there to press Jammeh to hand over power to President-elect Adama Barrow.
Other members of the delegation were Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Sierra Leone’s President Ernest Bai Koroma and Ghana’s President John Mahama.
Asked if Jammeh had been receptive to a message from the delegation, Buhari told reporters shortly after the meeting: “Yes, very much so.”
But Gambian soldiers have taken over the offices of the electoral commission.
Jammeh cited irregularities in the official results, but his abrupt about-face drew international criticism, and a delegation of West African presidents arrived early yesterday on a mission to resolve the crisis.
A photo provided by Gambia’s Information Ministry and taken before the meeting showed the five heads of state seated in Jammeh’s elaborately decorated office at State House wearing leaden expressions, with the exception of Jammeh who had a faint smile. A military officer looked on.
But just hours before their arrival, Gambian security forces seized control of the Independent Electoral Commission headquarters, which holds the original poll records, according to its chairman.
“The military came to my office and said I am not to touch anything and told me to leave,” Alieu Momarr Njai said. “I am worried for my safety.”
Diplomats say that if Jammeh seeks to cling to power after negotiations fail, neighbours might consider options for removing him by force. Marcel de Souza, president of the ECOWAS commission, told Radio France International on Monday that sending troops was “a conceivable solution”.
Gambia’s president officially has 60 days to hand over power. Jammeh’s party intends to challenge the results at the Supreme Court.
“That would put the international community in a strange position and reduce available options,” a diplomat said.
Rights groups said Jammeh exerts strong influence over the court, which has not held a session for a year and a half. Legal experts believe that at least four new judges would need to be hired to hear his petition.
Senegal, which surrounds the riverside country of 1.8 million people, called presidential trip a “last chance mission”.
However, the African Union said in a statement yesterday that it also planned to send a high-level delegation led by Chadian President Idriss Deby.
The role of Gambia’s army is seen as critical, with the United States saying that some military officers had sided with Jammeh.
Army chief General Ousman Badjie had previously called Barrow to pledge his allegiance, the latter’s spokeswoman said. But Barrow’s position appeared far less certain now.
“I support the commander in chief, whoever it may be. I support the commander in chief Jammeh,” Badjie told Reuters.
Barrow said he had no official state security detail and felt “exposed”.
International human rights groups have accused Jammeh, a former army lieutenant, of widespread violations and repression.
He won four previous elections that were criticised by rights monitors, and has survived several coup attempts, the latest in December 2014.
In October, he announced its withdrawal from the International Criminal Court. He also withdrew the former British colony from the Commonwealth in 2013, saying it was a neo-colonial institution.