UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) said its World Heritage Committee, which establishes the locations that are listed as “UNESCO World Heritage Sites”, has added the Old Towns of Djenne in Mali to the List of World Heritage in Danger, due to insecurity, which is affecting the area and preventing the implementation of protective measures for the site.
UNESCO in a statement said: “This situation is preventing safeguarding measures from addressing issues that include the deterioration of construction materials in the historic town, urbanization, and the erosion of the archaeological site.”
Inhabited since 250 B.C., the Old Towns of Djenne became a market centre and an important link in the trans-Saharan gold trade. In the 15th and 16th centuries, it was one of the centres for the propagation of Islam. Its traditional houses, of which nearly 2,000 have survived, are built on hillocks (toguere) as protection from the seasonal floods.
The site located, in the Inland Niger Delta region of central Mali, was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1988.
The List of World Heritage in Danger is designed to inform the international community of conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and to encourage corrective action.